By Roger Schofield
In response to unique examine, this booklet marks a huge increase in our figuring out not just of the financial assets on hand to the English crown but additionally of the wider political tradition of early Tudor England.
- An unique examine of taxation lower than the early Tudors.
- Explains the importance of the parliamentary lay taxation levied on members at the moment.
- Demonstrates the price of the mass of private tax tests from this era to social, fiscal and native historians.
- Considers the serious place that parliamentary taxation occupies in constitutional heritage.
- Sheds gentle at the political stipulations and attitudes primary in England less than the early Tudors.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–8):
Chapter 2 Parliament (pages 9–26):
Chapter three The 15th and 10th (pages 27–71):
Chapter four The Evolution of the without delay Assessed Subsidy (pages 72–92):
Chapter five at once Assessed Subsidies 1513–47 (pages 93–139):
Chapter 6 The strategy and the files of the Exchequer (pages 140–167):
Chapter 7 The Yields of the Taxes (pages 168–177):
Chapter eight The potency of the gathering of the Taxes (pages 178–200):
Chapter nine Taxation and the Political Limits of the Tudor nation (pages 201–218):
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Extra info for Taxation Under the Early Tudors 1485-1547
By 1485 it was also customary to send out separate commissions to sixteen cities and boroughs, namely Bath, Bristol, Canterbury, Coventry, Gloucester, Kingston upon Hull, London, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford, Rochester, Salisbury, Southampton, Southwark, Worcester and York. 22 For convenience, the cities and towns which received separate commissions and which accounted separately from the counties in the Exchequer will be referred to as `the boroughs'. Until 1537 a number of collectors were commissioned for each shire, without any further subdivision; thus it was left entirely to the collectors themselves to decide how the work of collecting within their shire or borough was to be shared between them.
The fifteenth and tenth, as the older and simpler of the two, will be discussed first. Then the evolution of the Tudor directly assessed subsidy from the fifteenth century subsidy will be described. And finally, the directly assessed subsidy will be examined in all its aspects. The Historical Background Throughout the fifteenth century the fifteenth and tenth was universally regarded as the normal form of parliamentary taxation. Other ways of raising taxes were tried from time to time. 4 27 28 Taxation under the early Tudors 1485±1547 The Commons preferred the fifteenth and tenth to other taxes not only because it was the more familiar form of taxation, but also because it was a simple tax of fixed yield, while the others were complex taxes of unknown yield and required the direct assessment of each taxpayer.
In such cases, for example regulations concerning legal tender, the clauses have been assigned to whichever party it appears to favour most. 2 that not many additions were made to the standard form of the draft bills. Thus the fifteenth and tenth, as the traditional form of taxation provoked very little emendation either from the crown or from parliament. VIII) 1515 1534 1540 1545 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 1 - From debate: favourable to Crown Others 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - Sources: See Appendix I. The acts granting subsidies fall into three groups.