Download Dynamic programming and Markov processes by Ronald A. Howard PDF

By Ronald A. Howard

Markov approaches --
Markov tactics with rewards --
The answer of the sequential selection method by way of price new release --
The policy-iteration strategy for the answer of sequential --
Use of the policy-iteration approach in difficulties of taxicab operation, baseball, and car substitute --
The policy-iteration process for multiple-chain procedures --
The sequential determination strategy with discounting --
The continuous-time determination method.

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It is handled by the query result, which is of the IEnumerable type. XPathNavigator No support. BaseURI No support. LINQ to XML does not store any URI information. InnerXml LINQ to XML provides a read only XML property which returns the InnerXml and also through Parse method. DOM provides support for getting and setting InnerXML. Annotations LINQ to XML elements support an extensible set of annotations, whereas the XmlElement does not support this. This is useful to add additional information to the element.

For example, following is the code to add the same Icecreams objects to the ArrayList, as we did in the previous example. 5 }); Following is the query to fetch low priced ice-creams from the list. Price < 10 select icecream; Use the foreach loop, shown as follows, to display the price of the objects retrieved using the above query. Price); Reading from Strings We all know that a string is a collection of characters. It means that we can directly query a string value. Now let us take a string value and try to find out the number of upper case letters in the string.

To get the actual result, the query has to be executed. The actual query execution happens when the query variable is iterated through the foreach loop by calling GetEnumerator() to enumerate the result. Any variable of type IEnumerable, can be enumerated using the foreach construct. Types that support IEnumerable or a derived interface such as the generic IQueryable, are called queryable types. All collections such as list, dictionary and other classes are queryable. There are some non-generic IEnumerable collections like ArrayList that can also be queried using LINQ.

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