By Douglas Biber
Douglas Biber's new e-book extends and refines the learn and method pronounced in his ground-breaking version throughout Speech and Writing (1988), and provides for the 1st time a diachronic size. In it he supplies a linguistic research of sign up in 4 greatly differing languages: English, Nukulaelae Tuvaluan, Korean, and Somali. extraordinary similarities in addition to ameliorations emerge, permitting Biber to foretell for the 1st time cross-linguistic universals of sign up version.
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Additional resources for Dimensions of Register Variation: A Cross-Linguistic Comparison
Analyzing bilingual text corpora to develop computational systems for machine translation). As noted above, related research in this area has focused on the analysis of sublanguages. Studies such as Kittredge (1982) have found that technical sublanguages can be more similar cross-linguistically than disparate sublanguages within the same language. 6 Overview of the present study 23 several unresolved issues in sublanguage research, many of which relate to the overall linguistic characterization of sublanguages and the question of how the range of sublanguages relate to one another within and across languages.
Since this approach provides the basis for the present book, I provide a theoretical overview here. Methodological aspects are discussed in detail in chapter 5, and the MD analyses of all four languages are presented in chapter 6. Some of the general characteristics of the MD approach are: 1 It is corpus-based, depending on analysis of a large number of naturally occurring texts. 2 It is computer-based in that it depends on automated and interactive analyses of linguistic features in texts. This characteristic enables distributional analysis of many linguistic features across many texts and text varieties.
The early MD studies of English have been extended in several ways. , Introduction, Methodology, Results, and Discussion); and Biber and Finegan (1988, 1989b) and Biber (1992a, b) consider specialized linguistic domains (stance, discourse complexity, and referential strategies). 20 Introduction Two of the major conclusions of these synchronic MD studies of English are that: (1) no single dimension of variation is adequate in itself to account for the range of similarities and differences among registers rather, multi-dimensional analyses are required; and (2) there is no absolute difference between spoken and written language - rather, particular types of speech and writing are more or less similar with respect to different dimensions.