By R. E. Pritchard
Victorian England used to be, in Tennyson's word, an lousy second of transition. A society established principally on agriculture, conventional values, and social hierarchies was once remodeled into one either influenced and unsettled via unparalleled progress in technological know-how, know-how, undefined, urbanization and inhabitants, and profound wondering of politics, morality, and faith. Its writers energetically published their responses to the days and the impact that this sort of swiftly altering international had upon them. This number of the very best, wittiest, and most original Victorian writing makes use of cautious observations and acute reviews to deliver to existence the range, the strength, and the usually harsh fact of the society that produced and encouraged one in every of England's most renowned authors.
In addition to Dickens, Pritchard makes use of choices that disguise all points of Victorian lifestyles, together with Henry Mayhew (on the London poor), Elizabeth Gaskell and Engels (on the commercial sessions and conditions), William Cobbett and Francis Kilvert (on rural life), Trollope (on Church life), Huxley and Darwin (on technology and evolution), and Carlyle, Ruskin, and Matthew Arnold (on artwork and culture). He additionally presents excerpts from traveling commentators comparable to the american citizens Ralph Waldo Emerson and Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Frenchman Alexis de Tocqueville. including 50 illustrations, those decisions mix to precise the spirit of what Elizabeth Barrett Browning referred to as this dwell, throbbing age, that brawls, cheats, maddens, calculates, [and] aspires.
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Additional info for Dickens's England: Life in Victorian Times
25 ce First representation of Buddha at Gandhara, northwest India. 117 ce The Roman empire is at its greatest extent. 219 ce Hadrian’s Wall built at Roman frontier in northern Britain. Hebrew edition of Mishna— sayings and teachings from the Torah, sacred text of Judaism. Cruciﬁxion of Christ. 40 ce Second Jewish revolt against Rome is crushed; the Jews are expelled from Jerusalem. Han dynasty collapses; replaced by three kingdoms: Shu, Wu, and Wei. 30 ce Arawak people migrate down Orinoco and settle Caribbean.
2200 bce First pottery in South America. 2134 bce Egyptian 6th dynasty ends with collapse of Old Kingdom; First Intermediate Period of Egyptian history begins. 2100 bce 3rd dynasty of Ur revives Sumerian civilization in southern Mesopotamia; King Ur-Nammu of Ur builds a ziggurat (stepped tower), the typical structure of grand Mesopotamian architecture, while renovating Ur’s temple. 2083 bce In Mesopotamia, decline of Akkadian empire founded by Sargon; rise of regional rulers of city-states, notably Gudea of Lagash.
1250 bce 1154 bce Stronger defenses around Mycenaean palaces indicate increasing threats. Kassite dynasty of Babylon ends when the city is sacked by neighboring Elam. 1100 bce Chavín civilization emerges in coastal Peru. First fortiﬁed hilltop sites in western Europe. Settlement established in Poverty Point, present-day Louisiana. MID-14TH CENTURY bce City of Ashur breaks free from Mittani; its rulers proclaim themselves kings of Assyria. 1335 bce Hittite capital Hattusha destroyed by unknown invaders; Hittite state collapses.