By Richard Barltrop
The Darfur clash has offered the overseas neighborhood with a few demanding situations. How can the combating be stopped in Darfur? What might be performed to save lots of lives and aid the 2 million humans displaced via the clash? and the way to assist lead to peace, whereas making sure that the peace contract for the second one Sudanese Civil struggle (1983 - 2005) is applied? Drawing on unique learn, and tracing the historical past of foreign responses to the conflicts in Sudan, Richard Barltrop investigates what has decided the results of foreign mediation and aid in Sudan. within the approach, he exhibits that Darfur has to be obvious in the wider context of clash in Sudan, and that classes may be drawn either for Sudan and for the potent perform of clash answer.
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Extra resources for Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of Conflict Resolution in Sudan (Library of International Relations)
In turn, the growing discontent increased support for the remnants of the Anyanya in the south that had refused to accept the agreement and who, after 1976, began to receive support from the new Ethiopian government (in response to Nimeiri’s support for the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front). As political unrest in the south grew, new groups of southern guerrillas formed and became more active (after 1980 these came to be referred to collectively as the Anyanya-2) and through the early months of 1983 a growing number of police and soldiers deserted to join the rebels.
While Ethiopia and Libya were hostile to Nimeiri’s government and therefore supported the SPLM, Sudan’s main Arab allies (to whom the government had often looked for economic, military and political 24 DARFUR AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY support) generally did not welcome the war, though they continued to support the government in Khartoum, subject to reservations about who was in power. Out of all the countries in the region, Egypt took the closest interest in developments in Sudan, because of its over-riding strategic and security interest in the control of the Nile waters.
For a mix of reasons that will be explored later in this book, external actors in effect prioritised saving lives over trying to resolve the underlying war. Droughts and famines in Sudan in the 1980s led to an influx of emergency relief, much as occurred in Ethiopia and the countries of the Sahel. In 1989 the UN established Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS), a framework agreement with the government and the SPLM/A on relief corridors, under which UN and other agencies could bring emergency relief to populations in the war zone who needed assistance.