By Francesco Musco
Urban warmth islands are a brand new kind of microclimatic phenomenon that factors an important elevate within the temperature of towns in comparison to surrounding parts. The phenomenon has been enforced by way of the present development in the direction of weather switch. even if specialists examine city warmth islands an pressing ecu Union public overall healthiness drawback, there are too few rules that deal with it. the european conducted a venture to benefit extra approximately this phenomenon via pilot projects. The pilots integrated feasibility reports and techniques for effectively changing making plans ideas and governance to take on the matter of city warmth islands. The pilots have been performed in 8 metropolitan components: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility reports performed in those pilot components all for the categorical morphology of ecu city parts, that are usually characterized via the presence of historic outdated towns.
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Additional resources for Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
MacMahon, J. , Noss, R. , Parsons, D. , Peterson, C. , Turner, M. , & Moodmansee, R. G. (1996). The report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the scientific basis for ecosystem management. Ecological Applications, 6, 665–691. Doswald, N. & Osti, M. (2011). Ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation: Good practice examples and lessons learnt in Europe. BfN Skripten. pdf EEA. (2012). Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe: Challenges and opportunities for cities together with supportive national and European policies.
4 Brief, easily understandable advice for the young ....................... 367 368 369 370 Planning and Climate Change: Concepts, Approaches, Design Francesco Musco, Federica Appiotti, Irene Bianchi, Michele Dalla Fontana, Elena Gissi, Giulia Lucertini, Filippo Magni, and Denis Maragno Abstract Reflect on the present, on the dynamics and the conditions that built it, and look forward at the same time, in search of a prospect to improve the future. ) who grappled with city and territorial management and planning.
Re-shaping cities in ways that enable to enhance their adaptive capacity does not mean to bring them back to the way in which they were before the change and/or the disaster, nor to modify their deepest nature and raison d’être. Redefining urban patterns in this contexts means to take the opportunities that are hidden behind the change and use them to rethink a more secure, sustainable and resilient future. For the development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation including postdisaster recovery strategies, cities must be considered in their complexity, and all their dimensions (spatial, geographical, environmental, social, economic and cultural) must be addressed.