Download Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt by Febe Armanios PDF

By Febe Armanios

During this booklet, Febe Armanios explores Coptic spiritual lifestyles in Ottoman Egypt (1517-1798), focusing heavily on manuscripts housed in Coptic records. Ottoman Copts usually became to non secular discourses, practices, and rituals as they handled a variety of modifications within the first centuries of Ottoman rule. those integrated the institution of a brand new political regime, adjustments inside communal management constructions (favoring lay leaders over clergy), the commercial ascent of the archons (lay elites), and advancements within the Copts' dating with different spiritual groups, relatively with Catholics.
Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt highlights how Copts, as a minority residing in a dominant Islamic tradition, pointed out and unique themselves from different teams via turning to a powerful array of non secular traditions, corresponding to the visitation of saints' shrines, the relocation of significant gala's to distant locations, the improvement of recent pilgrimage practices, in addition to the writing of sermons that articulated a Coptic spiritual ethos in response to Catholic missionary discourses. inside of this dialogue of non secular lifestyles, the Copts' courting to neighborhood political rulers, army elites, the Muslim non secular institution, and to different non-Muslim groups also are elucidated. In all, the ebook goals to rfile the Coptic adventure in the Ottoman Egyptian context whereas concentrating on new documentary assets and on an old period that has been lengthy missed.

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3 Also, the fervent literary activity spanning the tenth through the fourteenth centuries—the so-called golden age of Arab Christian literature in Egypt—was in steep decline. Thus, in the words of two historians, the fourteenth century dealt a “final blow”4 to the Copts and was the source of “trauma”5 for the community. 6 It is easy to understand, then, how by the end of the Mamluk era, the number of Copts had dwindled due to conversions and the destruction of churches, homes, and personal property.

Copts lived in small pockets among Egypt’s Muslims, populating urban and rural areas alike. 149 In cities, they had a noticeable presence in Alexandria, Mahalla al-Kubra, Akhmim, Manfalut, Mallawi, and Assyut, but historical sources divulge disproportionately greater information about Cairenes. 150 While their economic pursuits varied, the majority continued to be farmers and village craftsmen following the Ottoman conquest. Copts were engaged in traditional agriculture and expressed local variations in their farming and occupations.

W. G. Browne, Travels in Africa, Egypt, and Syria from the Year 1792 to 1798 Most scholars agree that the Mamluk era (1250–1517) left Egypt’s non-Muslim communities battered and demoralized. In those centuries, Copts gradually turned into the despised “other,” bearing the brunt of the Mamluks’ efforts to assert themselves as devout Muslim rulers. The most vehement anti-Coptic descriptions appeared in contemporary Muslim writings: in the late fourteenth century, for instance, the chronicler al-Asnawi made this assertion: “Copts declare that this country still belongs to them, and that the Muslims evicted them from it unlawfully.

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