By Sumantra Bose
The hunt for sturdy peace in lands torn through ethno-national clash is one of the so much pressing problems with foreign politics. taking a look heavily at 5 flashpoints of local predicament, Sumantra Bose asks the query upon which our international destiny may perhaps rely: how can peace be made, and stored, among warring teams with likely incompatible claims? worldwide in scope and implications yet neighborhood in concentration and process, Contested Lands significantly examines the new or present peace tactics in Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka for a solution. Israelis and Palestinians, Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Bosnia's Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, Sinhalese and Tamil Sri Lankans, and pro-independence, pro-Pakistan, and pro-India Kashmiris percentage homelands scarred through clashing aspirations and warfare. Bose explains why those lands turned zones of zero-sum clash and boldly tackles the query of ways sturdy peace should be completed. The circumstances yield very important normal insights in regards to the advantages of territorial self-rule, cross-border linkages, neighborhood cooperation, and third-party involvement, and the dangers of a intentionally slow ("incremental") technique of peace-building. wealthy in narrative and incisive in research, this ebook takes us deep into the heartlands of conflict--Jerusalem, Kashmir's Line of keep an eye on, the divided towns of Mostar in Bosnia and Nicosia in Cyprus, Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula. Contested Lands illuminates how continual war of words can yield to compromise and coexistence within the world's such a lot regions--and what the U.S. can do to aid. (20071208)
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Extra resources for Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka
24 The agreement, structurally ﬂawed in process and substance, unraveled rapidly. By October 1987 the Indian peacekeeping force was at war with the LTTE in northern and eastern Sri Lanka and within months the Indians came to be regarded as repressive occupiers by most ordinary Tamils. The India-LTTE conﬂict, which at its peak pitted 105,000 Indian soldiers against about 3,000 Tiger guerrillas, dragged on until the peacekeeping force was extricated from the quagmire in March 1990. In all, 1,155 Indian soldiers and 711 LTTE members died ﬁghting each other, and after the Indian peacekeepers withdrew, the Tigers, strengthened and more popular among their people from their ordeal, quickly seized control of most of the north and east.
When I asked him why he had done so, he cited the anguish and anger he felt when he worked as a volunteer in refugee camps established in Jaffna for Tamils who ﬂed the south after the 1977 riots. The trauma and destitution of these innocent victims of mob violence affected him deeply, he said. 19 Sornam, an east-coast Tamil from a Roman Catholic family of ﬁsherfolk, went, like Kittu, from high school to insurgency. ” The radicalizing effect of ethnic pogroms is unmistakable, but until July 1983 the active insurgents numbered in the dozens.
A year later in May 1976 the young gunman, Velupillai Prabhakaran, co-founded the Tamil Tigers organization. In the thirty years since then, Prabhakaran has achieved recognition, even among his numerous enemies, as an exceptionally determined and resilient political and military leader. By the time of the 1977 general election, the divide between Tamils and Sinhalese had become critical, and radical ideas of national liberation through armed struggle were beginning to take root among Tamil youth.