By Özgur Heval Cinar, Coskun Usterci
Refusing to participate in warfare is as previous as struggle itself. This wide-ranging and unique publication brings jointly 4 varied our bodies of information and perform: ancient and philosophical analyses of conscientious objection; feminist, LGBT and queer analyses of conscientious objection as a critique of patriarchy, sexism, and heterosexism; activist and educational analyses of conscientious objection as a social circulation and person act of resistance; felony analyses of the prestige of conscientious objection in overseas and nationwide legislation.
Conscientious objection is an more and more vital topic of educational and political debate in nations together with the united states, Israel and Turkey. This ebook presents a far wanted software for making feel of the heritage of realms within the twentieth century and knowing the political advancements of the early twenty first century.
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Extra info for Conscientious Objection: Resisting Militarized Society
136. 36 A. G. Altınay (2004) ‘Ordu – Millet – Kadınlar: Dünyanın İlk Kadın Savaş Pilotu Sabiha Gökçen’ [The military – nation – women: Sabiha Gökçen, the first woman fighter pilot in the world], in A. G. ), Vatan, Millet, Kadınlar [Homeland, Nation, Women], Istan bul: İletişim Yayınları, pp. 279–87. 37 M. H. Egeli (1959) Atatürk’den Bilinmeyen Hatıralar [Unknown Memoirs from Atatürk], Istanbul: Ahmet Halit Yaşaroğlu Kitapçılık ve Kağıtçılık Ltd, Şirketi, p. 57. Quoted in H. Ünder (March 2000), ‘Atatürk ve Kadınların Askerliği’ [Atatürk and the conscription of women], Tarih ve Toplum [History and Society], 33(195): 51–8, 179–86; 53.
Nan (1930) Askerlik Vazifesi, Istanbul: Devlet Matbaası, p. 24. , p. 35. , pp. 24–5. 31 Editors’ note: The 1908 Young Turk Revolution, also called constitutional monarchy. 32 Editors’ note: Mass protests leading to an uprising by military units that had to be suppressed by other military units. 33 Ş. S. Aydemir (1959) Suyu Arayan Adam [The Man Who Searched for Water], Ankara: Öz Yayınları, p. 78. 34 Translator’s note: Turan is the ancient Iranian name for Central Asia, literally meaning ‘the land of the Tur’.
The variation in social attitudes that cannot be attributed to differences in group membership is the part of the total variation that depends on unanimity. For instance, let us imagine that four people (two military officers and two academics) are discussing how much the military must interfere in what is going on in a country. While each of the four may differ in opinion on an individual basis as well, it may also be expected that academics as a group will naturally have different opinions to soldiers as a group.