By Chambers J.R.
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Arsenic is rightly notorious because the poison of selection for Victorian murderers. but the nice majority of fatalities from arsenic within the 19th century got here no longer from intentional poisoning, yet from twist of fate.
Kept in lots of houses for the aim of poisoning rats, the white powder used to be simply unsuitable for sugar or flour and sometimes included into the family members dinner. It used to be additionally generally found in eco-friendly dyes, used to tint every little thing from candles and chocolates to curtains, wallpaper, and garments (it was once arsenic in previous lace that used to be the danger). no matter if at domestic amidst arsenical curtains and wallpapers, at paintings production those items, or at play swirling in regards to the papered, curtained ballroom in arsenical robes and gloves, nobody used to be past the poison's succeed in.
Drawing at the clinical, felony, and well known literature of the time, The Arsenic Century paints a shiny photograph of its wide-ranging and insidious presence in Victorian way of life, weaving jointly the background of its emergence as a virtually inescapable family threat with the sordid tale of its common employment as a device of homicide and suicide. And eventually, because the ultimate bankruptcy indicates, arsenic in Victorian Britain was once a great deal the pilot episode for a sequence of environmental poisoning dramas that grew ever extra universal throughout the 20th century and nonetheless has no result in sight.
in the course of international conflict II, Japan was once vilified through the US as our hated enemy within the East. notwithstanding we unique "good Germans" from the Nazis, we condemned all jap indiscriminately as fans and savages. because the chilly warfare heated up, notwithstanding, the U. S. executive determined to make Japan its bulwark opposed to communism in Asia.
yet how was once the yank public made to just accept an alliance with Japan so quickly after the "Japs" have been demonized as subhuman, bucktoothed apes with Coke-bottle glasses? during this revelatory paintings, Naoko Shibusawa charts the outstanding reversal from hated enemy to beneficial best friend that happened within the 20 years after the conflict. whereas normal MacArthur's profession Forces pursued our nation's strategic targets in Japan, liberal American politicians, reporters, and filmmakers pursued an both crucial, even though long-unrecognized, objective: the dissemination of a brand new and palatable snapshot of the japanese one of the American public.
With broad examine, from profession memoirs to army files, from courtroom records to Hollywood movies, and from charity projects to newspaper and journal articles, Shibusawa demonstrates how the evil enemy was once rendered as a feminized, submissive kingdom, as an immature formative years that wanted America's benevolent hand to lead it towards democracy. apparently, Shibusawa finds how this obsession with race, gender, and adulthood mirrored America's personal anxieties approximately race kinfolk and fairness among the sexes within the postwar global. America's Geisha best friend is an exploration of ways belligerents reconcile themselves within the wake of struggle, but additionally bargains perception into how a brand new superpower adjusts to its function because the world's preeminent strength.
On 26 December 1900, the vessel Hesperus arrived at Eilean Mor within the distant Outer Hebrides with aid lighthouse males and clean provisions. Staffed by way of 3 keepers, the lighthouse have been in operation for a 12 months, however it have been famous that no mild have been visible from Eilean Mor for ten days. Upon arrival, the superintendent, Robert Muirhead, discovered the lighthouse to be thoroughly abandoned, and a next seek of the encircling island did not exhibit any signal of what occurred to the keepers.
Celebrated historian John Hirst deals a desirable exploration of the characteristics that made Europe a world-changing civilisation.
The Shortest historical past of Europe starts off with a fast review of eu civilisation, describing its beginning from an not going mix of classical studying, Christianity and German warrior tradition. Over the centuries, this risky mix produced hugely designated characters – pious knights and belligerent popes, romantics spouting folklore and revolutionaries imitating Rome – and its coming aside supplied the dynamic of eu background in glossy times.
Accompanied by way of vigorous illustrations, The Shortest heritage of Europe is a transparent, funny and thought-provoking account of a awesome civilisation. This re-creation brings the tale into the current, masking the realm wars and beyond.
‘A clever, illuminating little book’ —Sydney Morning Herald
‘An wonderful, realized piece of historic compression’ —Age
‘Crisp, lucid and evocative’ —Australian publication Review
‘Beautifully and sparely developed, but wealthy in reality, feeling and element, sweeping, difficult and funny’ —James Button
‘Great stuff, the publication as an entire is continually thought-provoking’ —Courier Mail
John Hirst used to be a member of the heritage division at l. a. Trobe college from 1968 to 2007. He has written many books on Australian historical past, together with Convict Society and Its Enemies, The unusual start of Colonial Democracy, The Sentimental country, experience and Nonsense in Australian heritage and The Shortest background of Europe.
- Stranger Than We Can Imagine: An Alternative History of the 20th Century
- The Russian Civil War Part2 White Armies
- Seizing Freedom: Slave Emancipation and Liberty for All
- The Wall: Rome's Greatest Frontier
Additional info for Concept to Reality: Contributions of the NASA Langley Research Centerto U.S. Civil Aircraft of the 1990s
Following his intensive studies that led to the development and application of supercritical airfoils, Langley’s Richard T. Whitcomb continued his quest to reduce cruise drag for high subsonic speeds. Inspired by an article in Science Magazine on the flight characteristics of soaring birds and their use of tip feathers to control flight characteristics, Whitcomb zeroed in on the wingtip flow phenomena associated with induced drag. Although many scientists had proposed wingtip configurations that mimicked birds (numerous wingtip feathers) for the reduction of induced drag, Whitcomb’s guiding principle was to analyze the detailed aerodynamics involved in the flow at the wingtip Vector and develop a more practical Vector on lower wingtip configuration.
The principles of the area rule, however, continued to be employed by designers for solutions to configuration integration issues. S. large commercial aircraft operate at cruise speeds high enough to require the radical area-ruled fuselage shapes necessary for a near-sonic transport. However, designers of large commercial transports have used the principles of area ruling to solve “local” flow problems and interference effects—especially nacelle integration issues for wingor fuselage-mounted engines.
DC-10 model during winglet studies in 8-Foot Transonic Pressure Tunnel in 1974. Concept to Reality 37 WINGLETS Flight Evaluations particularly for high subsonic supercritical conditions. In achieving this side-force requirement, designers can make use of Whitcomb’s supercritical airfoil technology for the crosssectional shape of the winglet airfoil. The winglets must also be designed to avoid flow separation both on the winglet surface and the winglet-wing juncture at low-speed, high-lift conditions as well as cruise conditions.