Download Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction (2nd by Robert S. P. Beekes PDF

By Robert S. P. Beekes

This publication supplies a finished advent to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It begins with a presentation of the languages of the kin (from English and the opposite Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit via Armenian and Albanian) and a dialogue of the tradition and foundation of the Indo-Europeans, the audio system of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is brought into the character of language switch and the equipment of reconstruction of older language phases, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). an entire description is given of the sound adjustments, which makes it attainable to stick to the foundation of the various Indo-European languages step-by-step. this is often through a dialogue of the improvement of all of the morphological different types of Proto-Indo-European.
The e-book offers the newest in scholarly insights, just like the laryngeal and glottalic thought, the accentuation, the ablaut styles, and those are systematically built-in into the remedy.
The textual content of this second edition has been corrected and up to date via Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new routines allow the scholar to perform the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

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And this mistake is not only made by beginners! But Cœurdoux was not satisfied with words alone. He noticed that Sanskrit had a dual (a separate form next to the plural for groups of two), just as Greek had; that the numerals were basically the same, as well as the pronouns, the negating prefix aâ•‚, and the verb ‘to be’. His list of similarities certainly shows insight, but not everything in it is correct. We must not forget that comparative linguistics did not yet exist! The dual does not provide an argument, because there are many languages in the world which have it (this was unknown at the time), so that what seemed to be an exceptional similarity is not really that exceptional after all.

C) The Berber languages are the original languages of North Africa, before Arabic came there. Tuareg is one of them. 5 6 Comparative Indo-European Linguistics (d) The Cushitic languages spoken in the horn of Africa, such as Somali and Oromo, and (e) The Chadic languages (nearly a hundred), among which Hausa, an important language of Nigeria, Niger and many other countries. (f) The Omotic languages, spoken in southern Ethiopia. The other languages of Africa make up two large families and one small one.

D. The 21 22 Comparative Indo-European Linguistics texts probably only contain names, some of which may show the genitive case ending â•‚s, on the basis of which it is thought that Pisidian may belong to the Luwic group as well. d. Lydian Lydian is the language of classical Lydia, situated in central western Anatolia. It is attested on some 100 stone inscriptions in a native alphabet related to Greek, dating from the eighth to third century BC, with a peak around the fifth and fourth century. Most inscriptions stem from Sardis, the capital of Lydia.

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