By Rose A. Ryntz, Philip V. Yaneff
Surveys contemporary advancements in coating polymers and plastics. Evaluates the coatings functionality compromise in coating choice for polymers and plastics.
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Extra info for Coatings of Polymers and Plastics
All Rights Reserved. mer and to the level and type of PP crystallization. In turn, these affected adhesion by changing the viscoelastic component of the energy dissipation mechanism (10,11). 7 Adhesion Promoters Adhesion promoters are most frequently used with low-energy surfaces. Adhesion promoters for polyolefins are typically chlorinated polyolefins (CPO), which are formulated at less than 20% solids in either nonaqueous solvent or water-borne dispersions. The level of chlorination and molecular weight are the critical CPO parameters, with typical commercial values of about 20% chlorine content and a molecular weight of about 15,000.
BN McBane. Automotive Coatings Monograph, Federation of Cosieties for Coatings Technology. Blue Bell, PA: SAE, 1987, p. 39. IA Hamley. Introduction to Soft Matter, Polymers, Colloids, Amphiphiles, and Liquid Crystals. New York: Wiley, 2000. RJ Young, PA Lovell. Introduction to Polymers, 2nd ed. London: Chapman and Hall, 1991, ch. 4. MF Ashby. Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, 2nd ed. Oxford: Butterworth/Heinemann Publishing, 1999. RN Howard, RJ Young. The Physics of Glassy Polymers, 2nd ed.
Hailat combined a maleated PP and polyetheramine that reactively coupled in the melt to produce a part having excellent adhesion to polyurethanes (16). Similarly, maleated polyolefins have been reacted with polyamides and their copolymers to reactively produce a polar polyolefin in the melt that has improved adhesion (17,18). Although these chemistries have been demonstrated at laboratory to pilot scale, none are currently practiced commercially. Issues that remain include the cost of the new polymers in comparison to use of adhesion promoters, and the fact that such treatments reduce the heatdistortion temperature of the polymer below that dictated by paint oven temperatures for typical one-component coatings (19).