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By M. Stephan

The center East, a region infamous for political violence and a democratic deficit, boasts a wealthy yet little-known heritage of nonviolent civilian-led struggles for rights and freedoms. Ordinary Egyptians, Palestinians, Turks, Israelis, Iranians, Kuwaitis and different center Easterners have, during the last century, used "weapons" together with boycotts, moves, demonstrations, sit-ins, and other methods of civil disobedience and noncooperation to courageously challenge entrenched energy and to develop democratic self-rule. This e-book demanding situations the oft-heard declare that nonviolent resistance "can't paintings" in the Middle East by chronicling the most major nonviolent campaigns opposed to colonialism, international career, authoritarianism, and structural injustice within the region. Other chapters examine the position of strategy, political humor, faith, Islamist events, and exterior actors in advancing and impeding democratization and sturdy governance. This quantity, which includes scholarly and activist perspectives, will be of specific curiosity to academics, policymakers, journalists, and neighborhood civic leaders drawn to the Middle East, nonviolent motion, social pursuits, democratization, and warfare and peace reviews – in addition to proficient normal readers drawn to figuring out current convulsions within the heart East. 

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Additional info for Civilian Jihad: Nonviolent Struggle, Democratization, and Governance in the Middle East

Example text

With the growth and intensification of Jewish fundamentalism, coupled with menacing moves by extremists to violate Islamic shrines and seize Palestinian land, the entire administrative system set up under the Israelis is tantamount to an attack on Islam. In the face of such a massive assault on their religion, appeals to organize a nonviolent movement of resistance would prove incomprehensible to most Palestinian Muslims. Nonviolent Struggle Is Inconsistent with Big Power Interests A final objection to nonviolent political struggle within the occupied territories holds that because the Big Power interests are deeply embedded in the Arab-Israeli conflict, no lasting solutions can emerge without their consent and participation.

The diversity of communications in nonviolent movements is tremendous. 1057/9780230101753 - Civilian Jihad, Edited by Maria J. com - licensed to Feng Chia University - PalgraveConnect - 2011-02-21 Theory and Dynamics of Nonviolent Action 26 Hardy Merriman but three common themes (upon which there are many variations) regarding the content of communications of successful nonviolent movements are as follows: An Inclusive Vision: Nonviolent movements often require the support of diverse groups and pillars of support in order to achieve their objectives.

In 2005 in Egypt, the Kefaya movement used the presidential election as a focal point of nonviolent action; first the movement planned to support several candidates, but when none were forthcoming, it called for a boycott. com and Egyptians Against Corruption; through this approach they elicited the Egyptian government’s acknowledgment of its obligations under the United Nations Convention Against Corruption in 2007. The term civic defiance carries the connotation of nonviolent action used for political purposes.

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