By Gennady Zaikov
This monograph summarizes clinical achievements within the box of polysaccharide chemistry played within the final decade. For the 1st time, the actual beneficial properties of polysaccharide constitution, physical-chemical houses and biochemical variations of their interrelations are regarded as good because the questions of polysaccharide amendment alongside the complete hierarchical chain, together with starch mono-, di-, oligo- and polysaccharides, chitin, chitozan and cellulose. Polysaccharide interactions with varied solvents and low-molecular, macrocyclic and high-molecular components in options are scrutinized. a number of features of mechanical-chemical amendment of polysaccharides in stable nation and in gel are saw. sleek options of enzyme degradation of polysaccharides and applied sciences of ordinary polymers processing are analyzed. The booklet is meant for wide selection of readers: scholars, submit graduates, engineers and scientists engaged in polymer chemistry, natural and actual chemistry.
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Extra info for Chemistry of polysaccharides
Linear dependence of Cllv,sac on saccharide concentration confirms this conclusion. Moreover, positions of minimums on dependences Cllv,sac = f(msac) testify to formation of complexes of 1 : I structure. Dependence of Cllkr on saccharide concentration in the system sucrose-18-kraun-6-water is presented in Figure 7 as an example . This dependence also has its minimum at stoichiometric structure I : I . Thus, investigation of bulk properties confirms conclusions made on the base of thermodynamic parameters of complexation in studied solutions.
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After achievement of definite maximum corresponding to formation of clathrates CD-guest-H20, the further rise of aquation leads to the decrease of sorption affinity of ~-CD that is caused by competition between water and organic component for position of bonding. 3. direct introduction of guest into host cavity occurs. 5). Polar functional groups of guest may interact with OH-groups surrounding CD cavity or with solvent molecules. In relation to the majority of HM a-CD shows itself as monodentant ligand and the broad part of its molecule surrounding by secondary OH-groups serves as a site of complex formation.