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By Martin Albers

This booklet specializes in supporting readers to fill the space of the little identified heritage among Western Europe and its most crucial buying and selling associate: the People’s Republic of China. encouraged through the commercial and political signifance of Sino-European family members, this booklet exhibits how the China guidelines of the 3 largest states of Western Europe – Britain, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany – helped China reintegrate into the overseas group within the Nineteen Seventies. opposed to the history of the chilly warfare, the top of Maoism, and the emergence of globalization, the governments in Bonn, Paris and London needed to locate methods of facing Europe’s declining impression and advertise their very own nationwide pursuits in Asia.

in accordance with newly declassified executive documents, readers will locate such assets valuable in knowing the argument that, regardless of pursuing very various regulations, the 3 governments supported a swift growth of peaceable trade among the People’s Republic and Europe and considerably contributed to the luck of Beijing's reform policy.

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Extra resources for Britain, France, West Germany and the People's Republic of China, 1969–1982: The European Dimension of China's Great Transition

Example text

22 By the time he became ambassador, Manac’h was therefore very familiar with the situation in Asia as well as the aims and options of French strategy in the region. Manac’h’s aim of establishing a Sino-French dialogue was very much in line with the overall China policy under President Pompidou. 24 Following the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution this dialogue had just about survived since both embassies kept working at a minimum level. But from the beginning of 1969 onwards, an opportunity presented itself to the French to fully reestablish high-level communication with the CCP leadership and even go beyond the mid-1960s.

Paris’s general strategy would be to build on this basis in order to preserve the status of Beijing’s main political partner in Europe. As we shall see, the political fallout of the Cultural Revolution was comparatively mild in the French case, and the country’s diplomats would do their best to exploit their advantageous position in Beijing. Their focus was upon political relations with an important symbolical aspect to it, arguably a direct legacy of the way de Gaulle had set about relations with China.

Especially in the 1950s the ideological divide between East and West made any rapprochement a remote option. 106 Many of the German companies that had traded with China survived the war, however. Once the economic situation in the newly established FRG had stabilised, the old China hands in these firms became active again. 110 In Germany it had a different effect. The clear ideological fronts, the interest of several important German companies in the Chinese market, and the absence of major interstate disputes comparable to the British presence in Hong Kong or the PRC’s implication in anti-colonial wars against France led to the emergence of a particular kind of economic diplomacy between the FRG and the PRC.

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