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Additional info for Biak : description of an Austronesian language of Papua
The Manarmaker myth in Sopen, for example, was told among a group of people regularly interrupting and discussing the story, while the story was told in a very lively manner, often citing conversation between participants in the story. The same is true for the exposition on the earthquake in Wardo, which is also interrupted by questions and short discussions. Second, during my first stay at the island, I could understand the language to quite an extent and always took my notebook with me. I have listened to quite a lot of conversations, and made very useful notes especially about aspects of the language like mood, topicality and focus.
El] Observation of the data in the two tables above leads to the following questions: 1) What is the lexical form of the words? Is [e] found in I-final position epenthesized, as I suggested, or is it part of the lexical form and elided in all other positions? 2) If [e] is elided, what causes it to be elided for some of the words ending in VCeC or VlongCe, but not in others? 3) If /e/ is epenthesized, what is it that motivates the epenthesis, and is it possible to come to a unified account of both phenomena?
8. 23 PHONOLOGY /w/ /y/ the alveolar flap [ ]. It may be realized as [d] when preceded by another /r/ (cf. 3). A sequence of a /n/ and /r/ is realized as [ndr], while /mr/ is realized as [mbr]. [w] bilabial voiced labio-velar approximant. [y] voiced palatal approximant. It is neither attested in word-final position, nor in final clusters. The following tables give contrasts between the phonemes in word-initial, root-medial intervocalic and word-final position in identical environments. All the consonants are contrasted with more or less similar consonants.