By Allen Parducci (auth.), J. Richard Eiser (eds.)
Despite the significant position that the learn of attitudes has lengthy held in social psycho logical study, the decade or so has been quite quiet so far as the de velopment of angle concept has been involved. If one seems again to the Yale reviews on conversation and persuasion within the Fifties, via the large literature derived from cognitive dissonance concept and its possible choices, there's a temptation to imagine that the good of researchable questions has run nearly dry. the aim of this publication is to persuade the reader that this isn't the case. to the contrary, a brand new examine the idea that of perspective deals the chance of as wealthy and sundry a number questions as ever earlier than. The time period "new glance" is an previous one in social psychology. It used to be used 30 to forty years in the past because the designation for the college of notion which held that "basic" mental methods reminiscent of belief, cognition, studying, and reminiscence might be inspired by way of attitudes, causes, and values. There are nonetheless classes to be realized from that interval, and the hot "new glance" that's now rising accommodates a few of these similar subject matters, albeit within the context of fixing matters and emphases.
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Additional info for Attitudinal Judgment
Petzold, H. Buffant, & Y. M. ), Psychological judgment and the process of perception. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. Parducci, A. (l983b). Perceptual and judgmental relativity. In V. Sarris & A. ), Perspectives in psychological experimentation: Toward the year 2000. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. , Calfee, R. , Marshall, L. , & Davidson, L. P. (1960). Context effects in judgment: Adaptation level as a function of the mean, midpoint, and median of the stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 60, 65-77.
It seems more likely that their self-avowals of happiness reflect philosophical preconceptions rather than empirical self-assessments. For example, most people may realize that experiences cannot always be positive, that they would quickly adapt to even a marked improvement in their own circumstances; at the same time, they realize how hard it would be to adapt to poorer circumstances. Simple psychophysical experiments demonstrate much more rapid adaptation to extensions than to restrictions of the range (Parducci, 1956), and people may be intuitively aware of a parallel phenomenon in their own lives.
New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Eiser,1. , & Stroebe, W. (1972). Categorization and social judgment. New York: Academic Press. Freedman,1. L. (1978). Happy people. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Green, D. , & Swets, 1. A. (1966). Signal detection theory and psychophysics. New York: Wiley. Gutek, B. , Lau, R. , & Majchrzak, A. (1983). The importance of internal referents as determinants of satisfaction. Journal of Community Psychology, 11, 111-120. Helson, H. (1964). Adaptation-level theory.