By Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi
Elements of Ethics examines Meinong's worth idea from an epistemological viewpoint and provides a serious exposition of Meinong's first makes an attempt at a deontic good judgment; certain attention is given to the legislations of Omission. For that objective his idea of the a priori is tested, that's entwined together with his conception of items. The e-book starts with an epistemological and ontological attention and simplification of Meinong's universe. as a result of the mathematical improvement of his time, particularly non-Euclidean geometries, Meinong constructed the inspiration of precision items and precision techniques. they're mentioned besides the so-called `incomplete gadgets' and difficulties linked to them. those discussions are correct for figuring out numerous technical phrases, fairly innovations of values and valuations. those discussions additionally help in assessing the potential of realizing those ideas a priori, and in realizing the logical relationships among them and genuine valuations. we discover in Meinong's moral writings a mix of experiential and a priori wisdom. A translation is incorporated of the fragment Ethische Bausteine (Elements of Ethics), including Meinong's personal notes and people of the editors of the textual content. Vocabulary and Index are attached.
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Additional info for Alexius Meinong’s Elements of Ethics: with Translation of the Fragment Ethische Bausteine
That 245 multiplied by 56 equals 133,720 is of different evidence to different people. If someone uses a calculator and simply accepts the result, it is acceptance without understanding, thus, without evidence. It is not knowledge. If someone fully understands numbers and the algorithm of multiplication and is good in applying it, her feeling of justification is strong because she judges with understanding of why the result is such and not otherwise. It is similar in perception. However, there the possibility of a mistake is never quite excluded.
She occupies space and time somewhere. A sufficient clarity of the ideas on which those judgments are based is a definite advantage. As was said above, Meinong believes that the apriori can be studied from two standpoints, the psychology of knowledge (erkenntnispsychologisch) and object theory25. And the preceding deliberations are within the psychology of knowledge. Psychological studies, by their nature, are empirical, at least at first before the construction of theories and before theoretical analysis of that which is given in perception.
And once an ideal object is created by definition, it remains there for anyone to think of if she so wishes. What we are to understand is this, once an object has been created by its defmition, it is there to stay; and when thought with precision, it is to be thought by its precise concept. Returning to the difference between the content and object of a concept, Meinong points out that concepts and their objects do not have the same properties. A straight line is straight, but the concept of a straight line is not itself straight.