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Demand for flexible packaging is generally reaching saturation in developed markets, while the highest growth rates are found in India, China, Poland and Russia, all of which are emerging markets. Page 21 © Copyright Pira International Ltd 2006 Developments in Specialty Papers Selected specialty grades Protective wraps Protective wraps, mainly of kraft paper, are used widely in the food industry for primary and outer packaging. This category is well defined and recorded in the paper industry, but it encompasses a huge range of paper types.

Retailers’ emphasis on lower primary pack weight is a double-edged sword. The outer carton typically has to be reinforced to accommodate the weaker walls of the flexible paper wrap, so there is a shift in emphasis towards less primary packaging but more corrugated board. Much recent development has been in the use of integrated packaging design to match the primary pack with a display stiffener within a larger transport pack. Tea bags For export, tea is packed in large natural fibre bags, while for retail it is packed in tea bags or as loose tea in a pouch, with a small outer carton.

They allow the use of plain paper and can be used indoors or outdoors. They have a higher cost per page as the printer hardware is more complex and there is greater waste, as the separate ribbon with pigment is consumed alongside the printed output. Dye diffusion offers photo-quality colour reproduction. The main advantage is that it is a dry process, unlike inkjet. The energy transmitted to the print head controls the amount of dye to vary the print density, making it ideal for photo-quality images.

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