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Extra info for Accent in Proto-Indo-European Athematic Nouns Antifaithfulness in Inflectional Paradigms
The athematic nouns are considered more archaic and are moribund in the daughter languages. The thematic nouns are not subject to the variety of accent pattern that the athematic nouns are. Specifically, thematic nouns have fixed stress and do not ablaut (Kim 2002). 4 Athematic Nouns Athematic nouns are built from a stem that does not end in the thematic vowel -e/o-. The theoretical difficulty presented by athematic nouns comes from the four accent patterns that they can follow7. These nouns can also follow four ablaut patterns, which correlate with the accent pattern.
It is notable that most of the suffixes that participate in this accent class end in sonorants, which means the nom sg forms show lengthened-grade and no overt ending. The stem of these nouns must contain an underlyingly post-accenting root (Halle 1997) and unaccented suffix (RPoAS). 8. As stated above, it will be assumed that root nouns with alternating stress are amphikinetic. The root and suffix (if there is one) of an amphikinetic noun must be underlyingly unaccented (RS) (Halle 1997). This accent class is complicated by certain locative singular forms, which are inflected with a null ending: *-Ø.
Labeling the roots as post-accenting allows us to explain their odd behavior, and we will see in chapter 4 how this lexical specification accounts for the presence of stress on the suffix in strong forms of hysterokinetic nouns (even though it is the ending that is stressed in weak forms). Halle (1997: 280-1) claims that some roots in Russian are post-accenting and accounts for them using metrical bracket theory. There are certain roots in Russian (such as korol ‘king’ – korolú in dat sg and korolám in dat pl) that always appear in forms in which the suffix following the root bears accent.