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By Dunn, M.J.

The purpose of this paintings is to provide the 1st fieldwork-based, typologically proficient reference grammar of Chukchi, an indigenous language of the north-eastern nook of the Russian Federation. The theoretical procedure is low-key and eclectic; linguistic phenomena are defined in a way that is, in as far as it truly is attainable, theory-neutral, even though the place a department of linguistic conception presents instruments which enable transparent and easy description it truly is used with out hesitation. Linguistic description is, even if, fundamental all through.

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A Grammar of Chukchi

The purpose of this paintings is to provide the 1st fieldwork-based, typologically knowledgeable reference grammar of Chukchi, an indigenous language of the north-eastern nook of the Russian Federation. The theoretical procedure is low-key and eclectic; linguistic phenomena are defined in a way that is, in as far as it truly is attainable, theory-neutral, even though the place a department of linguistic thought offers instruments which permit transparent and straightforward description it's used with no hesitation.

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The retired shaman who I met had, for reasons darkly hinted at but never explained, given up the practice of shamanistic powers some years earlier. He had cut his braids, and dressed as a man. Of his earlier career he retained the characteristic facial tattooing of a woman, and, more interestingly from the linguistic point of view, also retained the women’s dialect. 3 Chukchi oral literature and history Chukchi oral literature seems to have two main genres, folktales and history tales. Folktales are frequently populated by talking animals and have many other magical elements.

The name comes from the Telqep river, which meets the sea in the middle of the territory. Geographical variation within Chukchi is slight, with differences between varieties mostly found in the lexicon. There are also a few morphological differences in the verbal agreement system and in other areas of the grammar. 2; Comrie 1981:240). 5. 2). 3 there is a discussion and description of the differences between the variety of Chukchi spoken by men and that spoken by women. This is an area of Chukchi which is very interesting from a sociolinguistic and also diachronic point of view, but to date there has not even been an adequate description of the phenomenon.

Interestingly, I did hear a few oral histories retold in Russian by younger people who could not speak Chukchi, and who did not retell folktales. Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 7. My impression was that the history stories of warfare against the Cossack armies of Imperial Russia had more immediate relevance to young Chukchis of today than the fantastic stories of magical animals and travel to the spirit world. History tales relate actual events from Chukchi history. Particularly typical are accounts of skirmishes in the Chukchi-Koryak wars and battles with the Cossack armies of the Russian colonists.

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