By Jantien E. Stoter
The rise in inner most estate price, progress of underground and multilevel improvement, and the emergence of 3D applied sciences in making plans and GIS drives the necessity to list 3D events in cadastral registration. 3D Cadastre in a global Context: criminal, Organizational, and Technological facets demonstrates the best way to checklist 3D situations to be able to enhance perception into overlapping structures. This ebook emphasizes the technical features of cadastral registration, concentrating on 4 major issues: context (in which 3D events in seven international locations are studied); the framework for modeling 2nd and 3D events; types for a 3D cadastre; and awareness of a 3D cadastre. The e-book offers initial strategies for concerns concerning effective equipment for 3D information assortment, 3D info structuring and modeling, association of second and 3D gadgets in a single atmosphere, 3D database production and 3D examining.
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Additional info for 3D Cadastre in an International Context: Legal, Organizational, and Technological Aspects
Registering rights on 2D parcels. 12) is currently under construction (planned to be finished in 2007). Since this railway passes through unaffected rural land, it was decided to drill a tunnel for this part of the railway. The project team of the tunnel provided us with 3D data for the tunnel, which we then imported as one spatial object (a linear object) into the cadastral DBMS. Therefore, it was possible to query the legal status of the intersecting parcels. Normally this is not possible because physical objects are not maintained within the cadastral registration.
It is expected that in the future this decision will apply to other cables and pipelines (gas and electricity) as well. 2 Example of drawing added to deed in case of a telecom network. infrastructure objects are or can be used for telecommunication and they may all fall under this law. The registration of telecom networks is done in the following way. If a telecom network is transferred, the holder of a telecom network offers the spatial description (center line) of the network to the cadastre.
When the legal status of constructions above or below the surface is established with a right of long lease, usually the bare owner of the parcel is the “user” of the 3D construction. The long leaseholder has the right to use the parcel above (or below) the construction. By means of conditions imposed on the leaseholder (described in the deed), the use and protection of the construction can be arranged and also the dimensions to which the right of long lease applies (which causes a factual horizontal division in ownership).